Historical background to Atlantis

And on one occasion, when he wished to draw them on to discourse on ancient history, he attempted to tell them the most ancient of our traditions, concerning Phoroneus, who was said to be the first man, and Niobe; and he went on to tell the legend about Deucalion and Pyrrha after the Flood, and how they survived it, and to give the geneology of their descendants.
- Plato, Timaeus [22a].

The Timaeus & Critias were written at an uncertain time in Athenian history, in & around the time of the Social War, which saw the demise of the Second Athenian Confederacy, and the Third Sacred War, which marks the arrival of Macedon as a major power. These essays seek to furnish information about the current state of affairs in various locations of interest to Plato at the time of his writing the dialogues.

The Aristoteles Decree, founding document of the Second Athenian Confederacy.

The history of the Second Athenian Confederation & the Social War which brought it to an end.

Nectanebo II guarded by Horus.

The brief period of independence enjoyed by Egypt during the fourth century.

Daric featuring Artaxerxes II.

Egypt as a front in the war between Greece & Persia.

Amasis II.

Examining the claims that Solon & Plato spent time in Egypt.

Talandonisi, ancient Atalanta.

The seismic events centred upon Atalanta, which Sprague de Camp suggested influenced Plato.

The ruins of Helice.

The destruction of Helice & Bura in Achaea, a commonly-proposed prime influence on Plato's account of the destruction of his Atlantic island.

Dolphins from Akrotiri.

An examination of the Thera hypothesis, which makes Atlantis a dim reflection of events during the Bronze Age.

Theseus & Aethra, his mother.

Plato's view of Theseus, the great Athenian hero of legend.

Poseidon & Athena.

Ancient accounts of Poseidon bringing floods upon regions who opt for an alternative divine patron.

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