Atlantis & the Greek historians

Near the salt is a mountain called Atlas, very taper and round; so lofty, moreover, that the top (it is said) cannot be seen, the clouds never quitting it either summer or winter. The natives call this mountain "the Pillar of Heaven"; and they themselves take their name from it, being called Atlantes.
- Herodotus, Histories [4.184].

Is there evidence for the existence of Atlantis as described in the Timaeus & Critias from ancient Greek sources other than these texts? Do the motifs present in Plato's dialogues enjoy a "prehistory" elsewhere in the Classical corpus? This series of essays seeks to shed light on these questions.

Text of Hellanicus of Lesbos.

A brief synopsis of the Atlantis of Hellanicus of Lesbos.

Hesiod & Herodotus.

Looking at the mentions of Atlantis in Hesiod & Herodotus.


Groups of Atlantes were reported in Libya by ancient authorities.

Egyptian hieroglyphs.

The Platonist Crantor is claimed to have checked & verified Plato's account. Is this true?


Plato's greatest disciple Aristotle: what did he make of Atlantis?


Aristotle's own follower Theophrastus used Atlantis as evidence for prior flooding.


Strabo reports that the great Stoic philosopher Posidonius believed Plato's account to have a kernel of truth.

A Greek drinking vessel in the shape of an Ethiopian's head.

Non-Platonic references to Atlantis in Aelian's synopsis of Marcellus' Aethiopia.


Are any of the many later references to Atlantis independent witnesses to Plato's veracity?

Text of Theopompus.

The historian Theopompus of Chios mentions Plato's opposite continent.



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