Dramatis personæ: characters mentioned in the Timaeus & Critias

One, two, three, - but where, my dear Timaeus, is the fourth of our guests of yesterday, our hosts of today?
- Plato, Timaeus [17a].

The Timaeus & Critias are presented as philosophical discussions concerning the great philosopher Socrates, the two eponymous characters: Critias, the narrator of the Atlantis dialogues; and Timaeus, an astronomer of Locri Epizephyrii, who contributes a cosmogony, as well as the Syracusan statesman & general Hermocrates.

This section investigates these characters, as well as those mentioned within the dialogues. Of especial interest is Solon, the great Athenian statesman, to whom Critias (in the dialogues) alleges the Egyptian priest revealed the story of Athens & Atlantis. Plato's scheme creates some chronological implications for Solon's floruit & career which are also investigated. Additionally, Amasis looks at accounts of Solon and Plato's alleged visits to Egypt, as well as covering the priests supposedly encountered by Solon.

A full list of characters covered can be found in the subsections below: -

The interlocutors

Bust of Socrates.

The great philosopher & mentor of the author Socrates.


Critias the Younger: who was he?

An astronomer.

The Pythagorean thinker & astronomer Timaeus of Locri.

A Greek hoplite.

The Syracusan general & statesman Hermocrates.

Characters mentioned in Critias' account


The great Athenian politician & lawmaker Solon.

King Croesus of Lydia.

Chronographic concerns: when did Solon live?

Detail from a black figure vessel.

Solon's kinsman & confidante Dropides.

Greek kouros.

Dropides' son Critias the Elder.

The Parthenon.

Critias the Younger's cohort Amynander.

An ushabti bearing the name Pedineith.

Notes on the Egyptian priests encountered by Solon.

The gods

The ancients

A rearing white horse.

The ancestors of Atlantis' ruling house Evenor, Leucippe & Cleito.

Prometheus & Atlas.

Plato's Atlas.


The second set of twins: Ampheres & Evaemon.

Hands holding soil.

The third set of twins: Mneseus & Autochthon.

Egyptian chariot.

The fourth set of twins: Elasippus & Mestor.

Gold bars.

The fifth & final set of twins: Azaes & Diaprepes.


The defiant ones: the Guardians of Athens, saviours of the ancient Mediterranean world.



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